Hemp 101

If you’re new to the world of hemp and CBD, or just looking for some helpful information, you’ll find all of the most pressing questions answered below.

PRODUCT & USAGE INFO

Hemp oil is produced from the leaves, buds, and stem of the industrial hemp plant. The oil extracted from the plant includes cannabinoids like CBD (cannabidoil) as well as phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and other chemical compounds. Hemp extract can be included in supplements to help enhance the endocannabinoid system (more on that down below), to promote overall health and wellness.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 100 cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. It is safe, non-addictive, non-psychoactive, and has a wide range of benefits for the human body and mind. CBD is extracted from both hemp and cannabis plants, although it is found in much higher doses in hemp plants.

Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive because of its chemical properties and reaction in the body. Industrial Hemp is regulated to contain a max THC level of 0.3%, essentially making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect or get a “high”. However, if you are subject to drug testing, we strongly suggest consulting your health care provider before consuming any hemp products.

Studies have shown that CBD has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and anti-anxiety properties without any psychoactive effects. Because of it’s effect on the endocannabinoid system, hemp extract promotes an improvement in overall mood, energy level, immune activity, blood pressure, bone density, glucose metabolism as well as how we experience pain & stress. However, you should always consult with a doctor or medical professional to confirm using CBD is right for you.

Industrial Hemp products containing less than .3% THC are legal to purchase in all 50 states.

On December 12, the United States Congress voted to pass the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, more commonly referred to as the Farm Bill. Under the 2018 Farm Bill, the cultivation of hemp will be allowed much more broadly. As the legislation has passed at a federal level, hemp and hemp products will also be allowed to be moved across state borders.

The plant Cannabis sativa has two primary species, hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD, but there’s a much higher percentage in hemp, which also has very low (less than 0.3%) levels of THC compared to marijuana.

Full Spectrum:

Full spectrum Hemp extract comes with all the of the cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. These include Cannabidol (CBD) , Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabicyclol (CBL), Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) Cannabichromevarinic Acid (CBCVA), and CBG. Small amounts of THC can also be found in hemp. Full spectrum hemp has been found to offer greater effects than isolated compounds. This can be attributed to the entourage effect, when the additional components enhance each others effects.

Broad Spectrum:

Broad spectrum CBD is a mix between Full Spectrum and Isolate. Because broad spectrum contains multiple cannabinoids, it can deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC.

Isolate:

Isolate is pure CBD, produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavinoids, and other cannabinoids. Isolate has the highest likelihood of containing non-existent THC levels.

The endocannabinoid system is a network of cannabinoid receptors that releases cannabinoids that interact with receptors found in our bodies. This system is responsible for bringing balance and homeostasis to our bodies. Cannabinoid receptors are responsible for regulating processes that we experience daily such as mood, appetite, memory and pain sensation.

There are two main cannabinoid receptors. The CB1 receptors and the CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are found in the brain and the central nervous system. The CB1 receptors are expressed in neurons within the brain. This system is responsible for regulating many core functions such as motor activity, pain, stress response and memory. CB2 receptors are found in peripheral organs. The CB2 acts as a primary balancer to the immune system, cardiovascular system and muscular system. The CB2 receptors have been found to primarily reduce inflammation as well as neuropathic injury.

In terms of Hemp extract, there are a few common consumption methods.

Vape:

Vaporized consumption involves inhaling hemp directly into the lungs. This typically occurs  through use of a vape pen cartridge, dab rig, or combustion of hemp flower. By directly entering the lungs the hemp quickly and directly enter the bloodstream. The advantages to inhalation include an immediate onset resulting in instant relief.

Oil:

Under the tongue, there is a vein called the sublingual gland. When Hemp oil is placed on the sublingual gland it gets absorbed directly into the bloodstream. The most common sublingual consumption method is with the use of a tincture product. Sublingual consumption onset is quicker than oral consumption. This is the most affective way to orally costume hemp oil.

Oral (Capsule):

Capsules containing CBD are the most accurate way to ensure you get the exact dosage of CBD that you’re looking for. An advantage to oral consumption is the duration effect is longer lasting than inhalation.

Topical:

A topical refers to administering a cream, or lotion on the surface of the skin. Administering hemp extract with a topical offers greater advantages for localized pain and a faster onset. Topicals are applied right to trouble areas so that the hemp extract can work directly where it’s needed. Ingesting hemp based products orally result in the hemp and other compounds to enter the blood stream. This leads to a full-body effects that can take up to 2 hours to onset. With hemp extract based topicals, the compound and other hemp-derived nutrients are immediately absorbed directly through your skin, allowing them to address the pain faster and localized.